Several years ago we purchased a mint conditioned unopened Sinclair ZX81 Computer Kit from eBay with the intention of building it sometime and having another classic ZX81 computer which was the first computer I had when I was 7 years old.
After over 35 years in the box the pcb board had some oxidation on the bare tracks and pads which was easily removed with some alcohol wipes.
|The unopened boxes
||Parts in the box
The supplied instructions where very easy to follow and recommend allowing up to three hours to build the kit but we completed it in around 70 minutes.
The instructions showed the recommend order to add each component and the resistors all had the colour codes for the values next to each resistor.
After completing the build of the ZX81 computer we added a UK mains plug to the supplied power supply and checked the output voltage. We forgot to check the input voltage for the power supply and after plugging the power supply into the UK mains (240V) the transformer made a bad buzzing noise and the magic smoke escaped! We then checked the voltage sticker on the power supply and found that it was a US model with a 110V input!
We removed the cover and found that the capacitor had blown. We then powered the ZX81 from our adjustable power supply which needed a 9V supply.
When the ZX81 is running it consumes approx. 350mA
As the video output from the computer is an Analogue UHF TV signal we had to use an old PCI TV tuner card on a spare PC to view and capture the video of the output from the ZX81.
There are more details about the ZX81 computers on Wikipedia at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ZX81
|The completed ZX81 circuit board
||Completed ZX81 Computer
||Schematic (opens in a new window)
I have scanned the supplied build manual and uploaded it as a PDF file called zx81-kit-manual.pdf.
The video below shows a timelapse of the build and first boot where we ran the Basic program of:
10 PRINT "IT WORKS"
20 GOTO 10